Ecomark Solar


September 29, 2016

How Do Solar Panels Work?

The simple explanation is that solar panels absorb the sun’s energy and convert it into electricity you can use.

You see solar panels on residential rooftops, commercial buildings and many other applications. This renewable alternative energy source brings many advantages for homeowners, but you may wonder how solar panels work.

Solar Panels Photovoltaic Cells

A solar panel is made up of photovoltaic cells, which are two slices of semi-conductive material sandwiched together. One sandwich slice is negatively charged, while the other is positively charged. These cells convert solar panel into electricity by using photons from the sun’s rays to force electrons in the slices through a conductive metal piece. The movement of these particles starts the electricity production process and produces direct current, or DC, electricity. DC electricity has a constant electrical flow in a single direction on the circuit.

Convert DC Electricity to AC Electricity

The electricity generated by the solar panel is DC, but your appliances and other household systems use alternating current, or AC, electricity, which flows in multiple directions on the circuit. Your system needs a way to convert DC into AC once the electricity moves through the circuit. The answer lies in the solar panel’s inverter. This system component takes the DC electricity and converts it into AC electricity so you can use it for your home’s electrical system.

Electrical Switchboard

The inverter connects to the electrical switchboard in your house and holds energy until needed. Your household circuits get the energy they need when they need it in order to power everything from your living room light to your microwave. The switchboard also controls importing and exporting energy from the grid.

During your peak usage times and at night, you may need more electricity to power your house. The electrical switchboard brings in energy from the grid to help with the power load during these time periods. During other times of the day, the switchboard exports your excess electricity to the grid, so you receive credits to your energy bill.

Need more information about how solar panels work? Explore more commonly asked questions about solar energy and its benefits for your home. If you’re ready to enjoy solar energy, contact us for a free Denver solar panel installation quote.


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Homeowners who have had solar panels installed may not know that their solar systems are insured under their homeowner’s insurance. So a significant hail storm likely equates to an insurance claim. EcoMark Solar is here to support you if your home and solar system are hit by hail.

Most hail storms aren’t usually severe enough to significantly damage solar panels.

Solar panels were designed to be outside and stand up to the elements. That being said, when hail hits a home hard enough your solar panels may have cracked glass, which could affect their production, and your mechanical components may be dented or damaged. Many other aspects of the home could be damaged and should be evaluated for an insurance claim.

If significant hail hits your home, EcoMark Solar needs to be contacted right away.

We will come out so that we can inspect your solar panels and your roof. In the hours and days following a hail storm many roofing companies will start knocking on your door and offering you a free estimate, however, these roofing companies are not qualified to evaluate your solar system.

Conversely, EcoMark Solar can evaluate the solar system and the state of your roof and the rest of the items that are typically included in a hail claim. EcoMark Solar has established an in-house roofing department specifically dedicated to processing your insurance claims and servicing your restoration needs including roofing, gutters, and siding.

Even if your panels are not damaged, EcoMark Solar can act as the general contractor for your entire insurance claim and get all the work done by a company you already know and trust.

You can submit a claim with us by:

Clicking right here: Insurance Claim Form at EcoMark Solar

Calling us at: 720-432-6411.

Or you can contact your sales consultant

Even if your panels were not installed by EcoMark Solar, please contact us, we can perform service and repair on most solar installations.

If you are considering solar, know that normally, there is minimal impact to insurance premiums when adding solar to your home. Once solar is installed, EcoMark Solar will be there for you when hail hits for the life of the panels.

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